Canada is a vast country for the exploration of nature and wildlife. With hundreds of thousands of species of plants and animals, Canada has some of the greatest variety found internationally. It is also home to eight distinct landform regions with varying wildlife, plant life, climate, and terrain.
The land sprawls endlessly with few people habituating and many breathtakingly beautiful hidden natural areas. If you are looking for a connection to nature, Canada truly is one of the most abundant countries to discover.
Canada is home to many different ecozones and aquatic ecosystems. It has many incredible native mammals including moose, wolverines, beluga whales, bighorn sheep, Canada geese, and beavers.
Different areas of Canada allow for different sightings of wildlife. Take the ferry from Vancouver to Vancouver Island and you may spot some dolphins or whales. Drive across Canada and you may spot a moose in Northern Ontario or New Brunswick. Many enjoy the activity of simply sighting and photographing wildlife as a way to connect with nature.
Believed to have been sculpted by glaciations and tectonic shifts, Canada has become home to eight landform regions: Canadian Shield, Interior Plains, Appalachian Region, Hudson Bay Lowlands, Western Cordillera Region, Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands, Arctic Lowlands, and the Innuitian Mountains.
The tremendously jagged mountains of the Western Cordillera region are made of different types of rock. Connecting with these natural giants can be an incredibly humbling experience as you are able to witness your beautiful insignificance and inferiority to the vastness and ruggedness of these mountains.
Hiking, skiing, and mountain biking are great ways to connect with nature in this landform area. Here you will find many different ecoregions that are home to bighorn sheep, foreign migratory birds, and hundreds of other species of animals.
To the east of these mountains are the Interior Plains, an area best known as the Prairies and used for its farmland. Home to many species of squirrels, the pronghorn antelope, rabbits and hares. Here you can spot some of the most beautifully sprawling and colorful sunsets found across the country.
Beyond the Prairies is the Canadian Shield, defined by its thousands of lakes, and many of the most ancient rocks found in the world.
This region spans half of Canada and includes nearly all of Northern Ontario and Quebec. This area’s ancient rocks create an incredibly beautiful landscape, with freshwater lakes for fishing, swimming, and even skating and ice-fishing in the winter months. Watch out for moose and deer on the highway!
The Great Lakes is arguably Canada’s most natural beauty. These freshwater oceans span the horizon, offering tides, sailing, diving, and surfing conditions typically only found in the sea. You can spot Canadian geese and swans swimming in their vast waters. On the land, you can spot black bears, coyotes, elk, bobcats, and deer, just to name a few.
Many who travel to the Arctic Lowlands and the Innuitian Mountains may argue this to be the most beautiful place in Canada. Albeit largely uninhabitable, witnessing this natural area as a human is profound, perhaps because of its inhabitability. With such impossible terrain, humans and even many species of wildlife are unable to make use of the land. Therefore, many of these sights in Canada can likely only be viewed from the air. The tough wildlife that does live there includes the arctic fox, musk-ox, seals, and polar bears.
A great way to see what Canada has to offer in terms of wildlife and nature is a cross-country trip by car or train. If you are really determined to remain in nature and be environmentally-friendly then you can hike, cycle, or cross-country ski.
The Great Trail, the newly completed trans-Canada trail that many have already successfully conquered. However you do it, take the time to unplug and disconnect. Get lost in Canada’s nature.
Marvel at the enormity of the Rocky Mountains, hug an 800 year old tree on Vancouver Island, listen to the water rush over Niagara Falls, witness the Aurora Borealis anywhere, drive the Cabot Trail on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, watch mountain elk climb a frosted mountain, or watch a family of deer cross a busy highway. Coast to coast there are natural marvels to be seen.